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新世纪综合单元测试4

新世纪综合单元测试——Unit 4 Book 2

Listening Comprehension

True Or False

Directions: In this section, you will hear ten statements. Numbers 1 to 6 are based on Text A while the rest are based on Text B. Each statement will be read ONLY ONCE. Listen carefully and decide whether each statement is true or false. (10 points)

1.

True False

2.

True False

3.

True False

4.

True False

5.

True False

6.

True False

7.

True False

8.

True False

9.

True False

10.

True False

Spot Dictation

Directions: You will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 11-20 with the exact words you have just heard. When the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written. (10 points)

The power of optimism cannot be over-rated as a factor in success and personal growth and development. Optimism allows you to see the 11 aspects of any situation and 12 you to capitalize on each possibility. Optimism may be partly 13 in most aspects of life. Part of the power of optimism is the result of changing the 14 of the little voice in your head. Positive self-talk 15 your ability to achieve, to learn, and to accomplish. An optimistic 16 yourself and your capabilities to positively impact situations, even ones that appear 17 , fuels success. Try gently 18 your mind into positive, optimistic thoughts whenever you find yourself feeling negative, 19 , or wallowing in despair. The 20 is there; you just need to see it.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

Reading Comprehension

Directions: There are two passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices. Click on the best choice. (20 points)

Passage One

Biologically, there is only one quality which distinguishes us from animals: the ability to laugh. Laughter is a luxury, for unlike any other bodily process, it does not seem to serve a biologically useful purpose. Laughter is a unifying force in the world. Human beings oppose each other on a great many issues but we all share the ability to laugh. And laughter, in turn, depends on that most complex and subtle of all human qualities: a sense of humor.

Certain comic stereotypes have a universal appeal. This can best be seen from the worldwide popularity of Charlie Chaplin's early films. The little man at odds with society never fails to amuse no matter which country we come from. Humor helps us to maintain a correct sense of values. If we can see the funny side, we never make the mistake of taking ourselves too seriously.

This is one of the chief functions of satire and irony. Human pain and suffering are so grim; we hover so often on the brink of war; political realities are usually enough to plunge us into total despair. In such circumstances, cartoons and satirical accounts of somber political events redress the balance. They take the wind out of pompous and arrogant politicians who have lost their sense of proportion. They enable us to see that many of our most profound actions are merely comic or absurd. We laugh when a great satirist like Swift writes about war in Gulliver's Travels. The Lilliputians and their neighbors attack each other because they can't agree which end to break an egg. We laugh because we are meant to laugh; but we are meant to weep too.

The sense of humor must be singled out as man's most important quality because it is associated with laughter. And laughter, in turn, is associated with happiness. Courage, determination, initiative — these are qualities we share with other forms of life. But the sense of humor is uniquely human. If happiness is one of the great goals of life, then it is the sense of humor that provides the key.

21. The most important of all human qualities is _____.

A. a sense of humor

B. a sense of satire

C. a sense of laughter

D. a sense of history

22. The author mentions about Charlie Chaplin's early films because _____.

A. they can amuse people

B. human beings are different from animals

C. they show that certain comic stereotypes have a universal appeal

D. they show that people have the same ability to laugh

23. One of the chief functions of irony and satire is _____.

A. to show profundity of actions

B. to redress balance

C. to take the wind out of politicians

D. to show too much grimness in the world

24. Who is Swift?

A. A novelist.

B. A politician.

C. A dramatist.

D. A painter.

25. According to the passage, one of the great goals of life is _____________.

A. humor

B. initiative

C. courage

D. happiness

Passage Two

Good sense is the most equitably distributed thing in the world, for each man considers himself so well provided with it that even those who are most difficult to satisfy in everything else do not usually wish to have more of it than they have already. It is not likely that everyone is mistaken in this; it shows, rather, that the ability to judge rightly and separate the true from the false, which is essentially what is called good sense or reason, is by nature equal in all men, and thus that our opinions differ not because some men are better endowed with reason than others, but only because we direct our thoughts along different paths, and do not consider the same things, for it is not enough to have a good mind: what is most important is to apply it rightly. The greatest souls are capable of the greatest vices, and those who walk very slowly can advance much further, if they always keep to the direct road, than those who run and go astray.

For my part, I have never presumed my mind to be more perfect than average in any way; I have, in fact, often wished that my thoughts were as quick, or my imagination as precise and distinct, or my memory as capacious or prompt, as those of some other men. And I know of no other qualities than these which make for the perfection of the mind; for as to reason, or good sense, inasmuch as it alone makes us men and distinguishes us from the beasts, I am quite willing to believe that it is whole and entire in each of us, and to follow in the common opinion of the philosophers who say that there are differences of more or less only among the accidents, and not among the forms, or natures, of the individuals of a single species.

26. According to the author, the three elements that comprise the perfect mind are _____.

A. tenacity of thought, capacious memory, quickness of mind

B. precise imagination, tenacity of memory, quickness of thought

C. quickness of wit, ease of conscience, quickness of thought

D. promptness of memory, distinctness of imagination, quickness of thought

27. The basic idea of the first paragraph may be stated as: _____.

A. all persons have an equal portion of good will when they are born

B. great souls are capable of great evil

C. good sense, in terms of its distribution among persons, may be called common sense

D. good sense is the mark of the truly good person

28. About himself, the author states that _____.

A. he has always sensed his mental superiority over most persons

B. his awareness of his mental superiority over others is something that grows slowly, with experience

C. he actually regards his own mental faculties as inferior in many ways to those of the great majority of persons

D. he has never had the feeling that his mind was more than average in any way

29. The author claims that what sets human beings apart from beasts is _____.

A. a sense of organization combined with the ability to create

B. the ability to adapt to the surroundings

C. a sense of reason coupled with a strong sense of practicality

D. a sense of reason

30. According to the author the ability to distinguish between the true and the false is _____.

A. endowed by nature to all creatures

B. endowed in equal measure to all persons

C. more heavily present in some persons than in others

D. an unnatural cultivated trait in all person

Vocabulary and Structure

Directions: Each of the following sentences is provided with four choices. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. (60 points)

31. The football team was not ______ for the first game of the season.

A. in shape

B. in the shape

C. in form

D. in the form

32. Our research has focused on a drug which is so ____ as to be able to change brain chemistry.

A. vigorous

B. monstrous

C. powerful

D. influential

33. I still can't ____ why she married a man like that.

A. figure out

B. reason out

C. put out

D. take out

34. We tried to settle the argument but ____ nothing.

A. finished

B. came into

C. ended

D. accomplished

35. Mary is ____ and she feels sad all the year round.

A. fresh

B. optimistic

C. pessimistic

D. grateful

36. Some children display an ____ curiosity about every new thing they encounter.

A. unnatural

B. impossible

C. infectious

D. incredible

37. We could begin with Z and write the dictionary in ____ order.

A. irregular

B. reverse

C. disorderly

D. unusual

38. A ___ woman wouldn't weep just because her husband had forgotten her birthday.

A. emotional

B. rational

C. unreasonable

D. irrational

39. 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 are _____ numbers and 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 are even numbers.

A. odd

B. strange

C. peculiar

D. unusual

40. ____ the circumstances, we must give up the plan.

A. On view

B. In view

C. In view of

D. Getting a view of

41. In this poor country, survival is still the leading industry; all else is ___ .

A. entertainment

B. luxury

C. refreshment

D. happiness

42. He never despairs _____ future even though he was put into prison several times by the government.

A. of

B. at

C. for

D. about

43. Recorded _____ of today's football game will be shown after the news.

A. guidelines

B. entertainments

C. masterpieces

D. highlights

44. The wind _____ the fallen leaves from the ground.

A. rose

B. arose

C. aroused

D. raised

45. He is always looking at things in the wrong ______ .

A. strategy

B. measure

C. perspective

D. view

46. Don't discourage children from learning new things, for children are very curious ____.

A. at heart

B. by nature

C. on purpose

D. in person

47. We must do exercise for the benefit ____ our health.

A. of

B. about

C. to

D. for

48. It is time we ____ ourselves to the main item on the agenda.

A. propose

B. presented

C. address

D. addressed

49. By ____, western people play some practical jokes on April 1st. It is April Fools' Day.

A. tradition

B. habit

C. custom

D. convention

50. There are nations whose lack of contact with the outside world has ____ poverty.

A. fallen into

B. resulted in

C. consisted in

D. come up to

51. In the first several years of our economic reform, many military factories have been _____ into civil ones.

A. altered

B. varied

C. shifted

D. transformed

52. The speech which he made _____ the project has bothered me greatly.

A. being concerned

B. be concerned

C. concerned

D. concerning

53. I must tell him that I can't go to his graduation ceremony, but I don't quite know how to ____ the subject.

A. deal

B. cope

C. approach

D. settle

54. He ____ his job for a better position.

A. quitted

B. stopped

C. parted

D. withdrew

55. In the United States, the national flag is usually ____ outdoors between sunrise and sunset.

A. displayed

B. folded

C. respected

D. stored

56. _____ his sister, Jack is quiet and does not easily make friends with others.

A. Dislike

B. Alike

C. Liking

D. Unlike

57. As captain of the team, he is inefficient and incapable and finally must be ____ .

A. refused

B. reserved

C. replaced

D. registered

58. The best way to deal with an impolite person is to ____ him.

A. ignore

B. punish

C. omit

D. overlook

59. Metals ____ when they are heated, and they contract as they get cooler.

A. enlarge

B. extend

C. stretch

D. expand

60. The committee has met and it has ____ the proposal.

A. declined

B. refused

C. rejected

D. denied

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